Wh-Questions

Somebody ate your favorite snack and you want to kill that person whoever it is.  There were only 2 people, so you asked ‘did you do this? ’. But what if there were  100 people instead of 2? You can interrogate each person one by one but asking the same question 100 times is really tiring and inefficient. We want to find the guy and bring the quick justice. But first, you have to learn how to ask that question in the Korean language because they all are Koreans.

 

 

 

WHO DID THIS in Korean language

We can use interrogative pronouns : Who / When / Where / What / How / Why. These words help you to ask questions when you aren’t even sure of something. For example, you don’t know the person who ate your snack. So you need ‘who’ instead of ‘you’.

 

Korean Language Course 26. Wh-Questions 1 img

 

Do you remember how we asked questions in the previous tutorial? Yes, we just need to add a question mark. Super easy.

 

Making questions with ‘who’ is also not difficult. You can simply replace the subject with ‘누구’ which means ‘who’. Now let’s go back to the crime scene.

 

 

 

WHAT DID YOU DO in Korean language

So you finally figured out how to say ‘who ate my snack?’ and asked people but nobody confessed. Hmm… maybe we should check what each suspect ate when your snack was gone. Maybe it will lead us to another clue. Now we need the interrogative pronoun ‘What’.

 

Course 26. Wh-Questions 2 img

 

We can make a question sentence again. But this time, we can replace the object with ‘무엇’ which means ‘what’.

 

 

 

Investigation Is Ongoing In Korean Language

You checked everyone what they ate. Nobody said your snack. So… somebody’s clearly lying and they know what they did. I’m going to call the police. Check the alibis from everyone. Now we need more than ‘누구’ and ‘무엇’. These 4 interrogative pronouns will help you to gather more information.

 

Korean Language Course 26. Wh-Questions 3 img

 

Oh wait. But there is nothing you can replace with those interrogative pronouns. They can be anywhere before a verb and the most natural position is right before a verb.

 

Course 26. Wh-Questions 4 img

 

Now you are ready to interrogate people. Let’s find out the criminal and teach them that nobody can steal your little happiness.

 

 

 

Instead of Subject and Object

In the Korean language, you can change the position of interrogative pronouns. It doesn’t have to be in the front of sentences. The Korean language uses it as an object too and keeps the meaning the same.

 

Korean Language Course 26. Wh-Questions 5 img

 

However, ‘준은 누구예요? means ‘what is Jun like’ or ‘who is Jun’ at the same time. Unlikely, ‘누구가 준이에요?’ only means ‘which person is Jun’.

 

How to do it in the Korean language is very easy. You just need to switch the object and the subject (interrogative pronouns). Of course, in detail, it can make subtle different nuances. However, it’s not really big.

 

When the interrogative pronouns are used as a subject in the Korean language, it’s much more natural to use 이/가 makers in the almost all situations.

 

 

 

Who Ate Your Snack?

We checked the security camera and narrowed it down to 5 suspects. Maybe we can catch the guy before the police come. Only one person is lying. His alibi must be confronted by others. Let’s see who’s lying.

 

Natalia : Lee는 저와 같이 있었어요
Lee : Jun이 3시에 과자를 먹었어요
Chacha : 저는 일하고 있었어요
Jun : Chacha가 배고프다고 했어요. Chacha가 과자를 먹었을거에요.
Nadine : Nat과 Chacha는 아니에요. 제가 그 방에 있었어요.

 

Nat은 누구랑 있었어요?
(Who was with Nat?)

 

Jun이 과자를 언제 먹었다고 Lee가 말했어요?
(Lee said when did Jun eat the snack?)

 

Chacha는 무엇을 하고 있었어요?
(What was Chacha doing?)

 

Jun은 왜 Chacha가 과자를 먹었다고 생각해요?
(Why does Jun think Chacha ate the snack?)

 

Nadine은 어디 있었어요?
(Where was Nadine?)

 

Nadine은 Nat과 Chacha가 아닌것을 어떻게 알고 있어요?
(How does Nadine know it wasn’t Nat and Chacha?)

 

누가 과자를 먹었어요?
(Who ate your snack?)

Well… yeah… you always have to doubt the closest person from the crime scene… 😂 Also, if you liked this tutorial, check another one tutorial and our Patreon.

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Jun Hamm

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