Everybody agrees ordering and asking are different. However, in the grammatical manner, they often are similar. For example, if you said ‘please reconsider’, then it’s polite enough but technically you are ordering someone to do, not asking someone to do in grammar, By the way, I have a good question. isn’t ‘Don’t tell me what to do’ also telling someone what to do? lol. Anyway today what we are going learn is how to order someone to do something in the Korean language
Imperative Sentences in Korean Language
Ordering someone to do something in the Korean language is really easy. 1st, just write a plain present tense sentence like ‘you spank me harder baby’ and say it in the ordering tone. lol. maybe you think I’m joking but I’m not lol.
You can drop the subject just like English. ‘Spank my butt’ instead of ‘Jun spanks my butt’. It can be confusing between the plain sentences and the ordering sentences, But, you will know what it is in real conversations by reading the context.
Use It in Daily Conversations
It’s used in daily conversations with people you know. Even though it’s technically ordering, It sounds like you offer or suggest something to someone in a sweet tone. Of course, it wouldn’t sound nice at all if you are being a jerk enough.
하다 Imperative in Korean Language
하다 imperative is only used to order someone to do something. You can’t use 하다 imperative with adjectives such as pretty, smart, nice.
If you have studied Korean with me, you might notice there is a difference between the present tense sentences and the imperative sentences. (because you can drop the subject anytime) Yes. There is no difference.
이다 Imperative in Korean Language
이다 verb can’t be used as an imperative for ‘be + noun’ and ‘be + adjective’. You must use other verbs such as 되다 (to become).
더 빨리 모여요
Gather together more quickly
become a teacher
But you use it with 이다 verbs still. We’ve learned that imperative in the Korean language doesn’t change much from the plain sentences. and it works with 이다 imperative also.
Negative Order in Korean Language
Negative order is a little bit difficult. Now maybe you think you can just add ‘안’ right? Well… that doesn’t work because the Korean language has negative imperative conjugation.
First, change Haeyo style into the dictionary form, and then simply add ‘지마요’ after the word stem. By the way, 지마요 makes more ordering tone, so it’s not really the best to use it to any people. Then what should we do?
Make it More Polite
The answer is ㅅ honorific. ㅅ honorific makes your order into a very polite order. (very polite order sounds very ironic, I know, let’s just move on)
Change haeyo style words to the dictionary form, and add 세요. If it’s an negative order, add 지마세요. Very easy right? But this simple single syllable 세 will make your order way more polite and nice.
Now we know how to ask a question and how to order. But we still don’t know how to ask with ‘what’,’ how’ and such things. Why don’t you check the next tutorial? That tutorial has a little game and you will have to use your brain a bit. and as always, if you liked this tutorial, please join us in Patreon, we’re looking forward to seeing you there.
All tutorials was possible thanks to
- Nadine C
- Chris M
- Emily M
- Carly Sisson
- Lev Izraelit
- Tuoc Phan
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