Hello everyone, it’s your Korean teacher Jun and welcome to another Korean words tutorial! Today we are going to learn about the Korean words that you can use in your kitchen. When do you go to your kitchen? I’m pretty sure it’s when you are hungry or thirsty or you need to make something to eat. You don’t go there to sleep or play right? lol. So, I brought 10 core Korean words that you can use right away when you enter your kitchen after this tutorial!
부엌 is the pure and informal Korean word that describes ‘kitchen specially that belongs to residential house’. Yes, sometimes 부엌 isn’t good enough to describe some kitchen in restaurants.
운동장만한 부엌을 갖고 싶어요
I want a stadium sized kitchen
Refrigerator / Fridge
냉장고 means ‘refrigerator’ or ‘fridge’ in Korean. EASY!
I put it in the fridge
요리하다 is the most common Korean word that exactly means ‘to cook’. Why did I say ‘most common’ and ‘exactly’?
1st, there is another Korean word for cooking. The differences between 요리하다 and another Korean word is very controversial (if they are completely the same or not) but native Koreans think that they are different. Anyway, no matter how controversial it is. 요리하다 is more common than others.
2nd, native Koreans, however, don’t use 요리하다 very commonly in casual conversations. Let’s say a Korean will make hamburger for dinner. Then they prefer to say ‘햄버거를 하다 (do hamburger)’ or ‘햄버거를 만들다 (make hamburger) instead of ‘햄버거를 요리하다 (cook hamburger). Because 요리하다 describes the action for ‘cooking’. 요리하다 is more natural when you use it at the exact moment when you are cooking and say ‘요리하고 있어요 (I’m cooking)’.
오늘은 지옥의 감자튀김을 요리해보겠습니다!
Today I’ll cook fried potato of hell!
식탁 means ‘dining table’ in Korean. It’s the perfectly same to your dining table. Sometimes, native Koreans use a short table that you can have a meal sitting on floor. That’s also called ‘식탁’.
Funny thing is that native Koreans never call tables in a restaurant as 식탁. They just use the English word ‘테이블 [teibl]’.
식탁에 눕지 마세요
Don’t lie down on the dining table
의자 is the most common Korean word that describes ‘any furniture that you can sit on’. Maybe you thought ‘that’s chair! Not different at all to English!’ but the hint is ‘any furniture’. So, 의자 can be sofa, bench also, not only chairs. It really doesn’t matter as long as it’s designed for sitting. Of course, native Koreans also use the word ‘소파 (sofa)’ or ‘벤치 (bench)’ but they are sub-category of 의자 (chair).
의자를 다섯개 붙이면 드래곤!
5 chairs in a row makes a dragon!
To be hungry
배고프다 is an informal Korean word for being hungry. It’s a really interesting Korean word if you look at it closer. This Korean word has 2 different Korean words in it. 배 means ‘stomach’ and 고프다 means ‘to be hungry’. So, 배고프다 actually means ‘(my) stomach is hungry’, more than ‘I am hungry’.
Since 고프다 means ‘to be hungry’ itself, so it seems like you can say 고프다 without 배 to say you’re hungry. But, native Koreans hardly say that because 고프다 can be hunger for anything, not only foods. Sometimes, you can find native Koreans use 고프다 with other Korean words such as ‘alcohol’. But that’s technically not the correct way to use it.
배가 너무 고파서 힘이 없어요
I have no energy because I’m too hungry
To be thirsty
목마르다 is an informal Korean word for being thirsty. It’s also a compound Korean word. 목 means ‘throat’ and 마르다 means ‘dry’. So, 목마르다 literally means ‘(my) throat is dried’.
Saying ‘I’m thirsty’ is maybe not a very common expression in many European languages compared to some phrases like ‘I want water’ or ‘I need water’. However, 목마르다 is the most common Korean expression for conversations and native Koreans don’t really say ‘I want water’ or ‘I need water’. (but we do say ‘I want to drink water)
목 마르면 술을 드세요
Drink alcohol if you are thirsty
아침 식사 is a really easy Korean word to understand if you have some basic knowledge for Korean words. It’s a compound Korean word that uses 2 different Korean words working separately. 아침 means ‘morning’ and 식사 means ‘meal’. So, 아침 식사 literally means ‘morning meal’
It seems like 2 different Korean words are written together. However, it has to be considered one word since it’s a compound Korean word. So, you can also write it without spacing : 아침식사.
아침 식사 is a formal Korean word even though Korean language has a real formal Korean word for breakfast. It’s very commonly used in casual conversations even between very close friends.
지옥에서 아침식사를 소환했습니다 쨔쟌-
I summoned breakfast from hell ta-da
Now, you know what 식사 means thanks to 아침 식사. You have to remember 식사 is a formal Korean word. And even though it’s formal, native Koreans often use it in a casual conversation quite often. I don’t know why. It doesn’t feel like super formal sometimes, I guess because we use it often? Lol.
If you want to be casual for meals, then use 밥 instead of 식사. That’s how native Koreans really say between friends.
오늘 식사는 아이스크림 이백개!
Today meal will be 200 cups of ice cream
과일 means ‘fruit’ in Korean. It seems super easy to understand but actually it’s very tricky because 과일 doesn’t mean ‘the fruit that plants produce after all maturing’. I know it confuses you a lot right now. Don’t think I’m crazy. Yes, that’s technically also 과일 but 과일 is a sort just like ‘vegetable’ or ‘meat’. So, 과일 actually doesn’t have any meaning for the result of maturing. Like, you can use ‘fruit’ to mean ‘the result of some activities’ right? But in Korean, you can’t say that with 과일.
Tomato is a fruit
How To Use The Korean Words Like Natives
부엌에서 요리하고 있어요
I’m cooking in the kitchen
냉장고에 물 있어요
Water is in the fridge
한국 음식 요리하고 있어요
I’m cooking Korean food
식탁 좀 닦아주세요
Could you clean the table?
Sit on the chair
I’m so hungry
I’m so thirsty
아침 식사 했어요?
Did you had breakfast?
오늘 저녁에 저랑 식사 같이 할래요?
Do you want to have dinner with me?