Hello everyone, it’s your Korean teacher Jun and welcome to another tutorial! Let’s learn core Korean words to describe your feelings and emotions. In this tutorial, you will learn some actions by emotions like laughing and crying also. After this Korean words tutorial. You will be able to express your feelings and emotions in Korean almost perfectly. Ready to learn another Core Korean words?
To be anxious / Worried / Insecure
불안하다 is a very tricky formal Korean word that has many meanings. It describes something is unstable and insecure, it shows a worry of future bad consequences.
불안하다 can be translated as ‘to be anxious’, ‘to be worried’, ‘to be insecure’, ‘to be nervous’, ‘to be uneasy’, ‘to be restless’,’ to be unstable’, ‘to be unrest’. Perhaps it’s tricky to understand right away but it helps you to learn Korean faster. Because if you know 불안하다, you don’t need other Korean words for all those meanings.
Even though this Korean word is quite formal. Native Koreans use it very commonly in casual conversations also when they worry about unsafe results of actions.
준씨가 팝콘을 다 먹을까봐 불안해요
I’m worried if Jun will eat all popcorn.
To be not fun or funny
재미없다 is an informal Korean word for ‘to be not fun’. 재미없다 is the Korean word that has the exact opposite meaning to 재미있다.
재미없다 literally means ‘there is no fun’ or ‘to not have fun’. It’s a compound Korean word that you can seperate into 2 parts. 재미 means ‘fun’ and 없다 means ‘there isn’t or ‘to not have’. Native Koreans say it when something is not funny also. If you are familiar with Korean slang, then maybe you have heard ‘노잼 (no잼)’ once. That 잼 is from 재미.
영화가 너무 슬펐어요. 재미가 없어서
The movie was sad. Because it was horrible.
To laugh / To smile
웃다 is a Korean word that means any facial emotion for ‘smile’ and ‘laugh’. It really doesn’t matter if it’s a sneer or a happy smile or a big laugh. 웃다 is the most common Korean word that can describe all happy emotions. You can find a Korean word for ‘smile’ or ‘laugh’. But you have to remember ‘웃다’ is most commonly used in conversations
Korean language has a word for ‘smile (미소짓다)’ but that sounds a bit formal or poetic so Koreans don’t use it much. 웃다 is much more commonly used.
울다 means ‘to cry’. However, it only describes crying with tears by sadness, pains, happiness , etc. It is not distinguished as formal or informal. But native Koreans avoid using 울다 in formal situations.
Korean language uses 울다 also to describe the sound of animals or insects. For example, ‘cows say moo’ is ‘소는 음메하고 울어요’ in Korean.
울면 엉덩이에 털이 난다는 것은 학계의 정설이다
It’s the academic fact hairs grow on a butt if people cry
To be shy / Embarrassed / Ashamed
부끄럽다 means ‘to be shy’, ‘to be embarrassed’ and ‘to be ashamed’. Yes, in Korean language, they all are explained with a single word, 부끄럽다. However, the most basic meaning of 부끄럽다 is ‘to be shy’.
You will find more specific Korean words for ‘to be embarrassed’ and ‘to be ashamed’. However, they are mostly very formal or literary. Native Koreans use 부끄럽다 most in almost conversations.
부끄럽지만 저는 펩시가 좋아요
I’m ashamed, but I like Pepsi
To be funny / Hilarious
웃기다 is an informal Korean word for ‘to be funny’ ‘to be hilarious’. Do you remember 재미있다 in the previous tutorial? We’ve learned 재미있다 means ‘to be fun’ and ‘to be funny’ in Korean. 웃기다 is very similar to 재미있다 but it’s more focused on the meaning of ‘funny’. You can use 웃기다 when something or someone is funny enough to make you laugh.
You should be careful with 웃기다 when you describe a person. ‘somebody is funny’ can be a very insultive expression in Korean language. In this case, 웃기다 means ‘to be ridiculous’ or ‘to be a joke’.
보이는 것마다 ‘이거 웃기죠?’라고 말해보세요
Say ‘it’s hilarious’ to everything you see
Expression on face
표정 is a formal Korean word that describes expressions on face. English just says ‘face’ but Korean distinguish face and emotion on face. 표정 is ‘facial emotion’ or ‘facial expression’.
Technically, 표정 is a formal Korean word but it’s most common in casual conversations also. In fact, native Koreans barely use others Korean words for facial expression.
제가 방귀를 뀌면 다들 표정이 나빠져요
Once I fart, everybody makes an angry face
To be uncomfortable
불편하다 is a formal Korean word that means ‘to be uncomfortable’. It also shows you are unsaticefied with something and native Koreans very often use it when something bothers or annoys them. It’s a formal Korean word but native Koreans use 불편하다 mostly in casual conversations.
At the first tutorial of Core Vocabulary Course, you’ve learned ‘편하다’ which means ‘to be comfortable’. You can see ‘불편하다’ is almost similar to 편하다. If you learn them 편하다 and 불편하다 together, it will be slightly easier!
저만 솔로라는 사실이 매우 불편하네요 ㅎㅎ
The fact that I’m an only single is very annoying 🙂
To be scared / afraid
무서워하다 is an informal Korean word for ‘being scared’ or ‘being afraid. It’s very easy!
무서워하지 마세요. 이건 그냥 총이예요.
Don’t be afraid. It’s just a gun.
To be scary / Terrifying
무섭다 is an informal Korean word that means ‘to be scary’, ‘to be terrifying’. Yes, it has a same word root to 무서워하다 that we just learned. 무서워하다 is about ‘being scared’ and 무섭다 is ‘being scary’.
무섭다 is also used as ‘to be creepy’ very often in casual Korean conversations! Very essential to know!
When you conjugate 무섭다 with 요 ending or 워 ending, it loses ㅂ in 섭, 무서워요, 무서워.
You must know native Koreans use 무섭다 as ‘being scared’ also. For example, 준씨가 죽을까봐 무서워요 literally means ‘it’s scary if Jun dies’ but it’s more natural to translate it as ‘I’m afraid if Jun dies’. 무서워요 has to mean ‘it’s scary’ but it’s way better to translate it as ‘I’m scared’ (because it sounds like that). Of course, sometimes translating it as ‘it’s scary’ is better though.
그렇게 웃지마세요. 무서워요
Don’t smile like that. That’s creepy
How To Use The Korean Words Like Natives
불안해하지마세요. 다 괜찮을 거예요
Don’t worry. Everything will be okay
Studying is boring
진짜 웃겼어요. 진짜로 웃었어요
It was really funny. I laughed in real
표정이 안좋아 보여요
You look not okay
I worked out, I’m tired
이 의자 너무 불편해요
This chair is too uncomfortable
Don’t be afraid