Hello everyone, it’s your Korean teacher Jun and welcome to another tutorial for Korean Words! Today I’m going to teach you another very essential and necessary core Korean words to describe your life. It’s about clothes. Perhaps you may be thinking like ‘why are clothes so important for the language?’. Umm… maybe you’re right unless you like being naked all the time lol. Everything around you would remind you of all Korean words in this tutorial because that’s what you are going to see everyday!
Closet / Wardrobe
옷장 is a Korean word that describes furniture for hanging clothes such as ‘closet’ or ‘wardrobe’. The size of furniture doesn’t matter as long as it’s tall enough to hang clothes in it. The important thing is that 옷장 is furniture like a wardrobe. Native Koreans don’t call a closet room as 옷장.
House sized closet
Cloth / Clothes
옷 is the most common and informal Korean word for ‘cloth’ or ‘clothes’. 옷 can mean any cloth such like ‘pants’, ‘dress’, ‘suit’, ‘coat’. There are many Korean words for cloth and kinds of clothes but 옷 is mostly used in casual conversations.
You can find 옷 in 옷장 also. Yes, it’s the same word 옷. Even though 옷 is an informal word, it doesn’t make 옷장 informal. Isn’t it weird? :/
Koreans tend to avoid using plural for clothes.
To wear a shirt / pants / jacket
입다 is an informal Korean word that means ‘to wear’ or ‘to put on (clothes)’. Yeah, Korean language has formal Korean words for wearing but they aren’t commonly used even in formal situations. I didn’t know there are formal Korean words for wearing a cloth until 20. But yeah, Koreans use those formal Korean words sometimes.
However, 입다 is very veeeeeery different than the English word ‘wear’. You can;t use 입다 with shoes, socks, glasses, hats or any kinds of accessories. You have to use other Korean words for those. You can use 입다 only with shirt, pants, skirts, jackets.
서둘러서 나가느라 옷 입는걸 깜빡했어요
I rushed to go out so I forgot to wear clothes
Shoe / Shoes
신발 is the most common Korean word for shoe or shoes. You can use it with any shoes, running shoes, sneakers, shoes for suits or heels.
Native Koreans never say ‘신발들 (shoes)’ for a pair of shoes’. Why? Because they came together. You can’t say it’s enough when you have only one shoe lol. If you say 신발들, although Koreans don’t use plural Korean words much. Then it sounds like many shoes, not a pair.
저는 아기 신발이 10켤레 있어요
I have 10 pairs of baby shoes
To wear (shoes or socks)
신다 is an informal Korean word for wearing shoes or socks. Yes, Korean language has a word for that. You can’t use 입다 for wearing shoes or socks. Technically, 신다 is for wearing anything on your legs from your feet. So, you can use it for swim fins also.
Many students must be confused about the pronunciation of 신다. It’s supposed to be pronounced as [sinda] based on the spelling. But it’s actually pronounced as [sindda].
아기 신발을 신으면 거인이 된거 같아요
I feel like I became a giant when I wear baby shoes
To be big / To be tall / To become big / To grow
크다 is an informal Korean word that means ‘to be big’ or ‘to become big’. There are many Korean words for ‘to be big’ but 크다 is most common.
However, You have to understand the conception of big in Korean to understand the Korean word 크다 properly. Big and 크다 are very different. For example, in English, A big guy means a person who has a big body. But in Korean, it mostly means a tall person (even if he’s so thin!).
The English word big only describes size, extent, or intensity is big. However, The Korean word 크다 evolves more things such as ‘height’, ‘volume’, ‘a point of view (about / approximately)’. It also means ‘to become big’ which is more natural when you translate it as ‘to grow’.
큰 똥 쌌어요
I made a big poop
To be small / To be short / To be tiny
작다 is an informal Korean word that means ‘to be small’, ‘to be short’ or ‘to be tiny’. It’s the exact opposite Korean word of 크다.
Just like the Korean word 크다, you can use 작다 with ‘height’ and ‘volume’, not only about ‘size’. But 작다 doesn’t mean ‘approximately’ or ‘to become small’. It’s much simpler than ‘크다’.
옷이 너무 작아요
(this) cloth is too small
안경 means ‘glasses’ in Korean. Easy!
안경은 아름다움을 위한 것
Glasses are for the beauty
To wear glasses / To use
쓰다 is an informal Korean word for wearing glasses. Yes, you’ve seen this word in the previous tutorial of Core Vocabulary. There are so many same spelled Korean words for 쓰다 but they all are different. If you use it with glasses or goggles, it means ‘to wear’.
Sometimes 쓰다 can be weird with lenses. 쓰다 can be perfectly okay when you say ‘I wear (use) lenses everyday’ but when you want to say ‘I’m wearing lenses’, 끼다 (put in) is more natural.
안경 안쓰면 세상이 뿌얘요
It’s all blurry without wearing glasses
To take off (clothes, shoes, hat, glasses)
벗다 is an informal Korean word for taking off clothes oneself. It doesn’t matter what it is if it’s something you can wear. You’ve learned many Korean words for wearing but there is only one Korean word for taking them off. How nice.
You should be aware of the fact that this Korean word can’t be used for taking someone else’s clothes. It’s only for oneself.
저는 대머리라 모자를 절대 안벗어요
I’m bald so I never take off my hat
How To Use The Korean Words Like Natives
옷장이 너무 작아요
(My) closet is too small
파란옷 입고 있어요
I’m wearing blue clothes
Try (clothes) here
신발 진짜 예쁘네요!
Your shoes look really nice!
신발 좀 신을게요
(wait,) I’ll wear my shoes
옷이 조금 크네요
The cloth is a bit big
신발이 너무 작아요
(My) shoes are too small
저는 안경 써요
I wear glasses
안경 안쓰면 안보여요
I can’t see without glasses
Should I take off my shoes?