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8. Verb Conjugation 하다 (hada)

8. Verb Conjugation 하다 (hada)

In this lesson, You will learn Korean verb conjugation 하다 which is the one of the most basic form of verb conjugations.To understand this lesson better, I recommend you to read Korean conjugation lesson first.

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Conjugations

Korean grammar has 3 types of verb conjugations, 하다, 이다, 있다 (Some says it’s 2 without 있다, they consider 있다 as a variation of 이다). Verb conjugations make ‘verbs’. lol too obvious? So, any word, has -다 conjugations, that you can see shows it’s a verb.

 

They are not only types. They have different roles in Korean grammar such as ‘do, ‘be’, ‘have’ in English. In this lesson, we will learn 하다 verb conjugation.

하다 Verb Conjugation

하다’ verb conjugation is the most basic one among all other conjugations. 하다(hada) basically means ‘Do‘. But it’s used as ‘Do’ and ‘Be + Adjective’ (descriptive verbs instead of adjectives).

 

There are 2 types for 하다 verb conjugation.
1. based on Chinese words or Onomatopoeias,
2. based on pure Korean
.
It’s decided depend on roots but let’s focus only on conjugations in this lesson.

 

Basic Form
(하다 Speech Style)

해요 colloquial style

Chinese Stem
Onomatopoeia Stem

Korean Stem

Noun + 하다
Stem + 다
Noun + 해요
= 해요 (heyo)
Stem + 하다
= 어요 (eoyo) / ㅡ요
Do + Noun
Do + Stem
Be + Adjective
Do + Noun
Do + Stem
Be + Adjective
Do + Noun
Do + Stem
Be + Adjective

 

Do you remember speech styles and 하다 verb conjugation is the most basic form? That’s not natural to use in daily conversations much (actually any conversations), We will use ‘해요 speech style’ instead of 하다 speech style in this entire course.

 

공부하다 (하다 speech style)
공부해요 (해요 speech style)
Do study
= Study (verb)

저는 한국어를 공부해요
= I study Korean

 

파괴하다 (하다 speech style)
파괴해요 (해요 speech style)
= Do destroy
= Destroy (verb)

너를 파괴해주마!
= I will destroy you!
A great sentence, must learn it.

 

(하다 speech style)
어요 (해요 speech style)
= Eat

저는 그건 안먹어요
= I don’t eat that

An Awesome Tip

I’ll give you a great trick to learn Korean vocabularies double faster.

 

하다 verbs are made of a noun + a 하다 conjugation. So, you can learn a noun when you learn a verb with a 하다 conjugation if you know the words use a noun. You must remember it’s not applied when it’s used as an adjective

 

공부하다
= Study (verb)
공부
= Study (noun)

 

파괴하다
= Destroy (verb)
파괴
= Destruction (noun)

 

예쁘
= Pretty (verb)
예쁨
= Prettiness (noun)

 

You can’t use a root word alone when the word ends with 다, not 하다. Those words use another conjugation to make a verb to a noun.

About -다 Verbs

다 verbs seem like an irregular conjugation often because it has many variations. But it has a rule. Of course, Korean language has irregular verbs though and the yare mostly -다 verbs.

하다 descriptive verb (adjective)

* VERY IMPORTANT

Korean grammar doesn’t have ‘adjectives’. It has only verbs. Guess what’s adjectives for Korean. Yes. That’s also verbs in Korean grammar. Korean grammar has descriptive verbs instead of adjectives and they work just like verbs.

 

It’s perfectly same to English adjectives except it works alone without another verb such as ‘be’. Korean language doesn’t use verb ‘be’ because descriptive verbs directly describe features. It follows the same rule that 하다 verbs use.

 

Basic Form
(하다 Speech Style)

해요 colloquial style

Chinese Stem
Onomatopoeia Stem

Korean Stem

Noun + 하다
Stem + 다
Noun + 해요
= 해요 (heyo)
Stem + 하다
= 어요 (eoyo) / ㅡ요
Do + Noun
Do + Stem
Be + Adjective
Do + Noun
Do + Stem
Be + Adjective
Do + Noun
Do + Stem
Be + Adjective

 

준은 똑똑하다 (하다 speech style)
준은 똑똑해요 (해요 speech style)
Jun smart
= Jun is smart (must learn this phrase, VERY ESSENTIAL lol)

 

준은 예쁘다 (하다 speech style)
준은 예뻐요 (해요 speech style)
Jun pretty
= Jun is pretty (must learn this phrase TOO)

 

Korean adjective verbs are called ‘descriptive verb’. Normal verbs have also a name which is processual verb. But, it really doesn’t matter, does it?