KoreanJun
42. How Many / Much Questions : 얼마나

42. How Many / Much Questions : 얼마나

In this lesson, you will learn how make to make how Many / Much questions with ‘How’ 얼마나.

Korean How Many Much Questions img

How Many / Much Questions with 하다 Verb

얼마나 이다 question is used to ask amount of something with questions ‘how adjective question’ or ‘how long verb question’ or ‘how many / much question’. 얼마 is ‘How much’ in Korean but it’s written 얼마나 when it is in How amount questions.

 

얼마나 often means different things by context. It’s translated differently to English every time. Reading context is the key.

 

Basic 해요 styleWhere Question
준은 예뻐요준은 얼마나 예뻐요?
Jun is prettyHow pretty is Jun?

 

얼마나 공부할거예요?
How long are you going to study?
= Verb. Also it can mean amount

 

얼마나 재밌어요?
How fun is it?
= Be + Adjective

 

얼마나 반복할거예요?
How many times will you repeat that?
= Verb
= You can see 얼마나 means ‘how many times’ in this sentence.

How Many / Much Questions with 이다 Verb

얼마나 이다 question is ‘how + adjective + question’ or ‘how long + verb + question’ or ‘how many times + verb + question’. 얼마나 이다 question can’t use a noun with it.

 

Basic 해요 styleWhere Question
준은 논리적이에요준은 얼마나 논리적이에요?
Jun is logicalHow logical is Jun?

 

얼마나 한국 사람이에요? (Wrong)
How Korean is he? (Wrong)
= Be + Noun
= What kind of question is this? lol. It doesn’t make sense.

 

얼마나 과학적이예요?
How scientific is this?
= Be + Adjective

 

얼마나 서성거릴거예요?
How long are you going to pace?
= Verb

얼마예요 Question

얼마예요 is a phrase to ask amount. It can be translated as ‘How much is it?’ or ‘How many is it?’. You can use this phrase to ask the price too same to English.

 

얼마예요?
How much is it?
= It’s a question for price or amount. Koreans use this phrase to ask price always.

How Many / Much Questions with 있다 Verb

얼마나 있다 question is used to ask the amount of something. You can translate it as ‘How many – are there?’. It can be a question for possession or a question simply for amount.

 

This question can be very tricky for some students since Koreans understand 있다 as ‘Something is there’ and ‘Someone has it’ at same time. However, It normally means only ‘How many are + something + there’ when it’s used with a post-positional modifier. It’ll be very easy once you get used to it though.

 

Basic 해요 styleWhere Question
준이 많이 있어요준이 얼마나 많이 있어요?
Many Juns are thereHow many Juns are there?

 

사과는 얼마나 있어요?
How many apples are there?
How many apples do you have?

 

현찰 얼마나 있어요?
How much cash do you have?
= Possession (normally)

 

교실에 사람 얼마나 있어요?
How many people are there in the classroom?
= Location + How Many