10 Useful Basic Korean Phrases for Every Situations

10 Useful Basic Korean Phrases

for Every Situations

 

in this lesson, you will learn 10 very useful but most basic phrases you can use in every situations for your traveling, chatting with Korean friends. Sometimes you can get a better service if you can speak Korean even itโ€™s so simple when you are traveling Korea because not many foreigners speak Korean.

 

if you want to have really unique experiences and visit many local places, then you must know some Korean phrases because a lot of Koreans donโ€™t speak English at all. What would be better than having so unique experiences that not many people can have? ๐Ÿ™‚

10 Useful Basic Korean Phrases 1

Next 10 phrases use formal honorific and informal honorific. Korean uses informal honorific in almost conversations but some phrases are more natural in formal honorific such as โ€˜helloโ€™, โ€˜byeโ€™, โ€˜thank youโ€™, โ€˜sorryโ€™, โ€˜thank you for the mealโ€™

 

Verbs are made by adding a predicate maker after a stem of word. it often has forms such as ‘-ํ•˜์„ธ์š” (-haseyo)‘, ‘ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค (-hapnida)‘, ‘-์š” (-yo). if you get used to them first, you can memorize them with less efforts. this lesson would be much better if you can read Korean, Hangul. Let’s try to learn how to read it first.

Go to learn how to read Hangul, Korean

 

Red Color : Stem of word

Blue Color : Predicate marker

1. ์•ˆ๋…•ํ•˜์„ธ์š”

annyunghaseyo
hello

 

์•ˆ๋…•ํ•˜์„ธ์š” is actually a question literally means โ€˜how are you?โ€™ but Korean says it as โ€˜helloโ€™. Not many foreigners who visit Korea speaks Korean at all, so itโ€™s good to give a good impression to anyone who you will meet, and sometimes it brings you a nice offer that you didnโ€™t expect. even it means โ€˜how are you?โ€™, you must say โ€˜์•ˆ๋…•ํ•˜์„ธ์š”โ€™ back too when someone says it to you.

2. ๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค

gamsahapnida
thank you

 

you can always say โ€˜๊ณ ๋ง™์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค (gomapseupnida)โ€™ but itโ€™s less formal than ๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. I highly recommend you to memorize โ€˜๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹คโ€™ because you can use it in every situation, it sounds very very formal and polite like โ€˜I appreciate youโ€™ but somehow, Koreans prefer this phrase more than ๊ณ ๋ง™์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

3. ์ฃ„์†กํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค

joisonghapnida
Iโ€™m sorry

 

sorry in formal for strangers or people older than you. I saw a lot of other lessons say it’s โ€˜์ตœ์„ฑํ•ด์š”โ€™ which is totally wrong. you can also say โ€˜๋ฏธ์•ˆํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค (mianhapnida)โ€™ but ์ฃ„์†กํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค can be used in every situations. much more polite and formal than ๋ฏธ์•ˆํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

4. ์‹ค๋ก€ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค

sillyehapnida
Excuse me

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itโ€™s a unique East Asian expression you can use when you have some request to others. for example. you donโ€™t need to say โ€˜์‹ค๋ก€ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹คโ€™ when you enter the store but itโ€™s good to say it when you need something else than they offer like asking the direction or asking if you can use the restroom. it can be used when you are knocking the door of people who arenโ€™t actually close to you or asking something to someone else.

5. ์ข‹์•„์š”

joayo
Good / Itโ€™d be good / Iโ€™d like to do it / I like it / itโ€™s good / I want it
* โ€˜์ข‹์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹คโ€™ is too formal for almost conversations.

 

์ข‹์•„์š” can mean many things but it literally means โ€˜itโ€™s goodโ€™ or โ€˜I like itโ€™, Korean doesnโ€™t say โ€˜I want itโ€™ or โ€˜I want toโ€™ so maybe you will need it than other things to express what you want. 10 Useful Basic Korean Phrases 1

 

6. ์‹ซ์–ด์š”

sileoyo
I donโ€™t like it / I donโ€™t want it
* โ€˜์‹ซ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹คโ€™ is too formal for almost conversations.

 

์‹ซ์–ด์š” is an exactly reverse of ์ข‹์•„์š”.

7. ์ž ์‹œ๋งŒ์š”

jamsimanyo
Wait a second / Excuse me / Hold on

 

You can use it anytime. When you didnโ€™t decide your order yet, or you want someone to wait for you or when you ask someone to move or wait.

8. ์•ˆ๋…•ํžˆ ๊ฐ€์„ธ์š” / ์•ˆ๋…•ํžˆ ๊ณ„์„ธ์š”

annyunghi gaseyo / annyunghi geyseyo
Bye

 

โ€˜์•ˆ๋…•ํžˆ ๊ณ„์„ธ์š”โ€™ literally means โ€˜Stay wellโ€™ you can use it when you are the one whoโ€™s leaving. โ€˜์•ˆ๋…•ํžˆ ๊ฐ€์„ธ์š”โ€™ means โ€˜leave wellโ€™ (sounds weird a bit) you can use it to someone who is leaving

9. ์ „ ๊ดœ์ฐฎ์•„์š”

jeon gwenchanayo
Iโ€™m okay / Iโ€™m fine / Iโ€™m alright

 

you can use it same with English. it literally means you are fine or you can say it to reject offering nicely. you can skip โ€˜์ „ (I am)โ€™, then it also can mean โ€˜itโ€™s okayโ€™, โ€˜itโ€™s fineโ€™, โ€˜itโ€™s alrightโ€™

10. ๋ฐ˜๊ฐ€์›Œ์š”

bangawoyo
Itโ€™s good to see you / Nice to meet you

 

๋ฐ˜๊ฐ€์›€ is an unique Korean expression for the happiness when you see someone or when you get good news you were looking for. โ€˜๋งŒ๋‚˜์„œ ๋ฐ˜๊ฐ€์›Œ์š”โ€™ lieterally means โ€˜nice to meet youโ€™ and you can say it to a person who you meet for the first time as โ€˜nice to meet youโ€™. โ€˜๋ฐ˜๊ฐ€์›Œ์š”โ€™ is just an emotion so you can say it anytime to express you are happy to see them.