KoreanJun
18. Future Progressive Tense

18. Future Progressive Tense

In this lesson, you will learn the most basic uses of Korean future progressive tense.

Future Progressive Tense img

YAY

This will be the last Korean tense that you learn with super basic core Korean grammar. I’m pretty sure you can express almost everything you want to say by using a tense. Of course, it won’t be so easy yet to understand what native Koreans say though. But learning these builds understanding for Korean language and helps you to understand more difficult lessons easier.

Future Progressive Tense

Korean future progressive tense means : what will be ongoing on the future. it needs future conjugation ‘ㄹ 거’ on Korean present progressive tense. It’s very similar to English future progressive tense so it will be easy for you.

With 하다 verb

Korean future progressive tense means ‘ongoing in the future’. It’s same to English. It uses a conjugation ‘하고 있을 거다’. In a big part. It can be separated into 2 conjugations.

 

하고 있다 = Present Progressive of 하다 (Do)
있을 거다 = Future Tense of 있다 (Locative Be)

 

You can see there is ‘있’ in each sentence. Korean grammar drops one to avoid repetition when it combines 2 conjugations into one. It happens with all conjugations.

 

하다 style해요 colloquial style
After a nounAfter a root
다 + 다 → 하고 있을 것이다. + + 있 + 을 거 + 예요
= 하고 있을거예요
root + + 있 + 을 거 + 예요
= 하고 있을거예요
Basic form : 하다

Basic form : 있다

verb + and + be + future + endingroot + and + be + future + ending
Will be v+ing
Will be being + Adjective
Will be v+ing
Will be being + Adjective
Will be v+ing
Will be being + Adjective

 

저는 공부하고 있을거예요
I’ll be studying
= After a noun

 

저는 게임하고 있을거예요
I’ll be playing a game
= After a noun

 

저는 걷고 있을거예요
I’ll be walking
= After a root

 

저는 영화 보고 있을 거예요
I will be watching a movie
= After a root

With 하다 / 다 adjective

You can’t use 고 있을것이다 progressive tense with an adjective. Technically, you can use it but it sounds very unnatural.

 

나는 예쁘고 있을거예요 (WRONG)
I’ll be being pretty (WRONG)

 

나는 이쁘 하고 있었어요
I was doing pretty / I was being pretty / I was looking pretty
= You use an adjective by using it as an adverb. Although, It sounds a bit different than ‘I was being pretty’ a bit.

어하다 Verb

It’s a higher level stuff but I’m going to teach you 어하다 verb very briefly. Sometimes you can see that adjective verbs have another form.

 

슬프다 / 슬퍼하다

 

Like this. It makes an adjective become a verb. So, 슬프다 is a feeling (sad:adjective) and 슬퍼하다 is an action for feeling sad(verb). Using adjectives with the future progressive tense is possible when you use ‘어하다 verb’ instead of descriptive verbs(adjectives).

 

나는 슬퍼하고 있을거예요
I will be being sad

With 이다

이다 with the future progressive tense it is only possible as ‘will be doing’. It uses the future conjugation before an ending.

 

You can see I wrote ‘을 거’ (with spacing) in a table but I actually wrote ‘을거’ (without spacing) on each examples. Both are very correct. There is no difference.

 

하다 style해요 colloquial style
After a noun / root
다 + 다 → 이고 있을 것이다 + + + 을 거 + 에요
= 이고 있을거예요
Basic form : 이다

Basic form : 있다

verb + and + be + future + ending
Will be v+ing
Will be being + Noun
Will be being + Adjective
Will be being + Location
Will be v+ing
Will be being + Noun
Will be being + Adjective
Will be being + Location

 

나는 한국인이고 있을거예요 (STILL WRONG)
I will be being Korean (WRONG)

 

나는 윤리적이고 있을거예요 (REALLY WRONG)
I will be being ethical (WRONG)

 

저는 닭에게 모이를 먹이고 있을거에요
I will be feeding chickens
= After a root (verb : 먹이다)

With 있다

also same to present progressive 있다, You can’t make 있다 sentences in the future progressive tense. Now you know Korean grammar has another progressive tense conjugation ‘있는 중이다’. However, it has a different meaning than future tense when you use it with 있다.

 

나는 카페에 있고 있을거예요 (YET, WRONG)
I will be being at a cafe (WRONG)

 

준은 카페에 있는 중일거예요
I think Jun is in a cafe
= ‘있는 중일 것이다’ technically uses the future tense ‘ㄹ 것이다’ but it sounds more like guessing a present state. It doesn’t have any future meaning.