Progressive Tense

I know what you think… ‘Hey Jun, present tense already has a progressive function’. Why do we need it? And you have to think twice. 1st, there are future 2nd, progressive (will be doing), 3rd, past progressive (was doing). So you are going to learn progressive tense + tenses in Korean Language

 

 

 

Progressive Tense in Korean Language

progressive tense in Korean language is ‘-고 있다’. As usual, let’s disassemble the phrases so we can see how weird it is lol. 고 means ‘and’ and 있다 means ‘there is’ or ‘to be + location’. So all together? ‘And to be’.

 

Korean Language Course 21. Progressive Tense 1 img

 

Use words in the dictionary form and remove the ending 다 from the word and conjugate 고 있다. Very easy right?

 

 

 

Present Progressive in Korean Language

Present Progressive tense in haeyo style is ‘하고 있어요’. You just need to change the last ending from 다 to 어요.

 

Course 21. Progressive Tense 2 img
But it’s very odd, we know the present tense already describes the ongoing action but why do we need another phrase? That’s a good question and the answer is this present progressive tense has stronger nuance for ongoing. Also, when you make a phrase with adjectives such as ‘you are being cute’. The present progressive tense is necessary because the present tense can’t do that

 

 

 

Past Progressive in Korean Language

Past progressive tense is very simple, it means ‘was doing something’ just like English. There is almost no difference between English past progressive and Korean past progressive.

 

Korean Language Course 21. Progressive Tense 3 img

 

When you conjugate past tense and progressive tense, where should the past tense go? Yes, as always, tenses have to be placed at the end with a verb.

 

 

 

Key Components

Maybe you expected the key components like other tenses but this one doesn’t have the key components. Why? Because it’s a compound conjugation. You have to memorize it whole.

 

‘-고 있다’
And there is

 

But of course, I’m going to give you some tip how to memorize it easily. 고 means ‘and then’. 있다 means ‘there is’. So all together it means ‘and there is’. Let’s try to memorize it like this ‘and there is continue go 있다’

 

 

 

Future Progressive in Korean Language

In Korean language, the future tense means possibility and is not very clear, Future progressive tense is also the same. It’s more like ‘Maybe I’ll be studying’ than ‘I’ll be studying’. Korean future tense is always so vague.

 

Course 21. Progressive Tense 4 img

 

However, if you use ㄹ게요 future tense, everything becomes so clear like ‘I’ll be studying (for sure)’.

 

 

 

Questions

Hey y’all, the next tutorial is about ‘the great past’. If this title doesn’t make you curious and want to see it, I’m not sure what else can do 😂😂😂 Come on, it’s the great past. I know you have to know what the hell it is 😂😂😂 Let’s jump into the next tutorial now. And also, if you liked the tutorial, join us in Patreon! We’re waiting for you there!

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Jun Hamm

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