Negative

In the modern world, humans finally found the most important question that protects themselves from every artificial intelligence : Are you a robot? Today, we are going to learn how to answer the question properly in the Korean language to defeat AIs. Sorry robots.

 

 

 

Negative in Korean Language

How do you make a negative sentence in English? Yes, you only need to add ‘not’. Then another question, how do you say ‘it’s not possible’ without using ‘not’?

 

It’s easy. you can say ‘it’s impossible’ instead of ‘not possible’. That’s how the Korean language makes negative sentences. The Korean language uses the affix ‘안 [an]’.

 

Korean Language Course 10. Negative 1 img

 

In the Korean language , making negative sentences is very similar to ‘im’ in ‘impossible’. The Korean language uses a prefix 안 [an] and it works just like ‘im’ which means ‘not’. 안 is attached to the verb with no spacing and it makes the verb negative. Pop quiz! how do you make 저는 한국어 공부해요 into the negative form?

 

 

 

Prefix 안

Probably you said ‘저는 한국어 안공부해요’. It’s hard to say it’s 100% incorrect but it’s not so natural. Because the real verb is 해요, not 공부해요. So, it has to be ‘공부 안해요’. For this part, read [ ].

 

Course 10. Negative 2 img

 

Yes, the negative form has ‘안’. This is how the Korean language works. I wish I could say this is everything about Korean negative sentences but… actually we need a little bit more than that.

 

저는 운동 해요
I don’t exercise
= Present negative after a noun / before a root

 

저는 아침 먹어요
I don’t have breakfast
= Present negative before a root

 

저는 공포 영화 봐요
I don’t watch horror movies
= Present negative after a root with 아요 conjugation

 

 

 

with 이다 verb (be a noun)

The negative form of 이다 is similar to 하다 but It’s slightly different. It also uses ‘안’ prefix to make a negative form : 안 + 이에요.

 

Korean Language Course 10. Negative 3 img

 

However, this time, the spelling 안이에요 becomes 아니에요 as how it sounds.

아니에요 also can be the simple answer for ‘no’ or ‘nothing’ . You can use 아니요 instead. 아니요 is better for every situation.

 

A: 학생이에요?
Are you a student?
B: 아니에요
No, I’m not
= 아니에요 also means ‘no’.

 

A: 이거 준씨 꺼예요?
Is it yours Jun?
B: 아니요
No
= 아니요 is a short version of 아니에요

 

선생님은 될거에요
I won’t be a teacher
= Future tense, In the future tense lesson, you’ve learn 이다 verb means different than English ‘will be’ so you can use ‘되다(become)’ instead.

 

 

 

Can’t in Korean Language

안 means ‘not’ but you can’t use it to say ‘can’t’ in Korean. Korean has another prefix for ‘can’t’.

 

Course 10. Negative 4 img

 

더 못먹겠어요
(I) can’t eat more

 

여기선 담배 못 펴요
(You) can’t smoke here

 

더는 못하겠어요
I can’t keep doing

 

 

 

Be bad at in Korean Language

In the Korean language, you can use 못 to describe something you are bad at. it’s the same as English.

 

Korean Language Course 10. Negative 5 img

 

저는 공부를 잘 못해요
I can’t study well
= I’m not good at studying

 

저는 축구를 못해요
= I can’t play soccer
= I’m bad at soccer

저는 기타를 못쳐요
I can’t play guitar
= I’m bad at playing guitar

 

 

 

Questions

But, I think we need to make sentences that start not with 저는 (I) right? But how can we do that? What else do we need? Let’s jump into the next tutorial to find out! I’m so proud of you by the way! Oh and, check our Patreon if you liked this tutorial!

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