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Negative

In the modern world, humans finally found the most important question that protects themselves from every artificial intelligence : Are you a robot? Today, we are going to learn how to answer the question properly in the Korean language to defeat AIs. Sorry robots.

 

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Negative in Korean Language

How do you make a negative sentence in English? Yes, you only need to add โ€˜notโ€™. Then another question, how do you say โ€˜itโ€™s not possibleโ€™ without using โ€˜notโ€™?

 

Itโ€™s easy. you can say โ€˜itโ€™s impossibleโ€™ instead of โ€˜not possibleโ€™. Thatโ€™s how the Korean language makes negative sentences. The Korean language uses the affix โ€˜์•ˆ [an]โ€™.

 

Korean Language Course 10. Negative 1 img

 

In the Korean language , making negative sentences is very similar to โ€˜imโ€™ in โ€˜impossibleโ€™. The Korean language uses a prefix ์•ˆ [an] and it works just like โ€˜imโ€™ which means โ€˜notโ€™. ์•ˆ is attached to the verb with no spacing and it makes the verb negative. Pop quiz! how do you make ์ €๋Š” ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•ด์š” into the negative form?

 

 

 

Prefix ์•ˆ

Probably you said โ€˜์ €๋Š” ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด ์•ˆ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•ด์š”โ€™. Itโ€™s hard to say itโ€™s 100% incorrect but itโ€™s not so natural. Because the real verb is ํ•ด์š”, not ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•ด์š”. So, it has to be โ€˜๊ณต๋ถ€ ์•ˆํ•ด์š”โ€™. For this part, read [ ].

 

Course 10. Negative 2 img

 

Yes, the negative form has โ€˜์•ˆโ€™. This is how the Korean language works. I wish I could say this is everything about Korean negative sentences but… actually we need a little bit more than that.

 

์ €๋Š” ์šด๋™ ์•ˆํ•ด์š”
I donโ€™t exercise
= Present negative after a noun / before a root

 

์ €๋Š” ์•„์นจ ์•ˆ๋จน์–ด์š”
I donโ€™t have breakfast
= Present negative before a root

 

์ €๋Š” ๊ณตํฌ ์˜ํ™” ์•ˆ๋ด์š”
I donโ€™t watch horror movies
= Present negative after a root with ์•„์š” conjugation

 

 

 

with ์ด๋‹ค verb (be a noun)

The negative form of ์ด๋‹ค is similar to ํ•˜๋‹ค but Itโ€™s slightly different. It also uses โ€˜์•ˆโ€™ prefix to make a negative form : ์•ˆ + ์ด์—์š”.

 

Korean Language Course 10. Negative 3 img

 

However, this time, the spelling ์•ˆ์ด์—์š” becomes ์•„๋‹ˆ์—์š” as how it sounds.

์•„๋‹ˆ์—์š” also can be the simple answer for โ€˜noโ€™ or โ€˜nothingโ€™ . You can use ์•„๋‹ˆ์š” instead. ์•„๋‹ˆ์š” is better for every situation.

 

A: ํ•™์ƒ์ด์—์š”?
Are you a student?
B: ์•„๋‹ˆ์—์š”
No, Iโ€™m not
= ์•„๋‹ˆ์—์š” also means โ€˜noโ€™.

 

A: ์ด๊ฑฐ ์ค€์”จ ๊บผ์˜ˆ์š”?
Is it yours Jun?
B: ์•„๋‹ˆ์š”
No
= ์•„๋‹ˆ์š” is a short version of ์•„๋‹ˆ์—์š”

 

์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜์€ ์•ˆ๋ ๊ฑฐ์—์š”
I wonโ€™t be a teacher
= Future tense, In the future tense lesson, youโ€™ve learn ์ด๋‹ค verb means different than English โ€˜will beโ€™ so you can use โ€˜๋˜๋‹ค(become)โ€™ instead.

 

 

 

Canโ€™t in Korean Language

์•ˆ means โ€˜notโ€™ but you canโ€™t use it to say โ€˜canโ€™tโ€™ in Korean. Korean has another prefix for โ€˜canโ€™tโ€™.

 

Course 10. Negative 4 img

 

๋” ๋ชป๋จน๊ฒ ์–ด์š”
(I) canโ€™t eat more

 

์—ฌ๊ธฐ์„  ๋‹ด๋ฐฐ ๋ชป ํŽด์š”
(You) canโ€™t smoke here

 

๋”๋Š” ๋ชปํ•˜๊ฒ ์–ด์š”
I canโ€™t keep doing

 

 

 

Be bad at in Korean Language

In the Korean language, you can use ๋ชป to describe something you are bad at. itโ€™s the same as English.

 

Korean Language Course 10. Negative 5 img

 

์ €๋Š” ๊ณต๋ถ€๋ฅผ ์ž˜ ๋ชปํ•ด์š”
I canโ€™t study well
= Iโ€™m not good at studying

 

์ €๋Š” ์ถ•๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ๋ชปํ•ด์š”
= I canโ€™t play soccer
= Iโ€™m bad at soccer

์ €๋Š” ๊ธฐํƒ€๋ฅผ ๋ชป์ณ์š”
I canโ€™t play guitar
= Iโ€™m bad at playing guitar

 

 

 

Questions

But, I think we need to make sentences that start not with ์ €๋Š” (I) right? But how can we do that? What else do we need? Letโ€™s jump into the next tutorial to find out! Iโ€™m so proud of you by the way! Oh and, check our Patreon if you liked this tutorial!