Future & Intention
Future tense in Korean language was too vague because it was mixed up with guesses. So, I’m going to teach you how to make it so clear.
intention + Future in Korean Language
To make a clear future description, you can use ‘‘ㄹ게요’ conjugation. It’s more similar to the English future tenses ‘will’ since it has an intention or a promise to do something.
Technically, ㄹ게요 and ㄹ 거예요 should be perfectly the same. But they work totally differently. By the way, since ㄹ게요 talks about intention or a promise to do something, you can use it when the subject is the first person. Well… maybe it’s obvious because you shouldn’t promise what other people.
With 하다 Words in Korean Language
The conjugate method is the perfectly same to the future tense ‘ㄹ 거예요’. ‘ㄹ 게요’ is placed between word root and the ending.
Remove the ending from the word (다), and conjugate ㄹ게 and add the sentence closing ending ‘요’. Remember, it’s not natural to use adjectives.
Weird in Some Conditions
This ㄹ 게요 conjugation can sound very weird especially with adjective. Technically, it doesn’t have any grammatical problem. However, it doesn’t sound right to native Koreans’ ears.
예쁠게요 = 예쁘게하고 있을게요.
So, this tense works only with verbs in the Korean Language. If you use it for adjectives or ‘to be + noun’. It’d make your speech sound very weird somehow. I think it’s because it’s about ‘promise to do something’
So, you have to add another verb such as ‘do’, ‘go’ or ‘get’
With 이다 Words in Korean Language
ㄹ게요 doesn’t function really well with 이다 words since it works with verbs only. Do you remember you need the verb ‘되다’ to say ‘I’ll be something’? It’s the same problem all over. have to use extra words such as ‘하다’ or ‘있다’.
선생님일게요 -> 선생님이 될게요
= I’ll be a teacher
논리적일게요 -> 논리적으로 할게요.
= I’ll do logically
So, 선생님이다 ‘to be + noun’. So, you have to use 되다 which means become to make the speech natural. Adjectives are a bit more trickier because the extra verb changes based on the context but you can use ‘하다’ for the basic function.
The key component is the same as the future tense ㄹ 거예요. ㄹ makes the future or possibility. then now you can memorize ㄹ 거 makes the future and the guess and ㄹ 게 makes the future and the intention.
With Pure Korean Words
With the pure Korean words, you just need to follow all the rules we’ve learned. When the word root ends with batchim which is the final consonant, ㄹ becomes 을 (e.g. 먹다 -> 먹을게요). When ㄹ is repeated, drop one ㄹ (e.g. 밀다 -> 밀게요).
예쁠게요 -> 예쁘게 하고 있을게요.
I’ll look pretty
Again, ㄹ 게요 doesn’t function ok with adjectives. You need some extra words.
Now, all basic tenses are done YAY. I’m really proud of you. By the way, what is ‘-고 있다’? Is it some grammatical thing to make the speech natural? Nope! It has its own function and makes new tenses by combining basic tenses, why don’t you go check it now? just one more tutorial! and if you liked this tutorial, join us in Patreon and become our new CEO!
All tutorials was possible thanks to
- Nadine C
- Chris M
- Emily M
- Carly Sisson
- Lev Izraelit
- Tuoc Phan
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