Adverbs may not be necessary for speech but it always makes our speech more clear and richer. ‘She smiles at me’, ‘ She beautifully smiles at me’. Just like this. Just one adverb can make a sentence richer. That’s adverbs. In English, mostly you can make adverbs by adding ‘ly’. Then how do we make adverbs in the Korean language?
i Adverbs In Korean Language
Interestingly, You can still use ‘ly’ to make adverbs in the Korean language. But not only ‘li’, ‘i’ and ‘hi’ are also used. Too many? Then remember that the ‘i’ vowel at the end makes adverbs.
Pick one carefully
= Make yourself comfortable
isn’t it interesting? The Korean language and English are completely different, yet they use a similar method to make adverbs. -이 Adverbs use a word stem to make an adverb. So, if you learn new verbs, then you can use them right away as an adverb. 하(ha) in 하다 verb becomes 히 (hi) by combining 이. if the word stem has ㄹ, then 이 duplicate it.
However, you can not make every adjective into adverbs in this way. And some of them are adverbs from the first place like 천천히. They don’t use the word root even though they look like it
Position of Adverbs
Korean adverbs are always placed before a verb. Actually it doesn’t really matter if you position it anyplace before a verb. But the best natural position is right before a verb.
ge Adverbs In Korean Language
Another suffix is ‘-게’. Remove the ending ‘다’ and add ‘게’. ‘-게’ suffix changes the adjectives to adverbs such as smartly, fastly, warmly just like ‘ly’ does. Unlike ‘li’, you can change any adjectives into adverbs in this way.
-이 adverbs and -게 adverb use same word stems but it makes no big difference normally. Of course, sometimes it has a different meaning but mostly they mean the same thing. It’s easier to make more than -이 adverb. You just need to replace 다 of word stems to 게.
Pick one carefully
= Make yourself comfortable
Some Stems can’t be used with -게 or -히
Some word stems can’t be used with -게 and some can’t be used with -히. There are no rules for them. You just need to memorize them.
Adverbs in Korean Language
Some Korean adverbs don’t use any word as a basis. I can’t make a list of all adverbs but you have to understand there are many adverbs that don’t use any word stem.
Other adverbs’ basic forms need and use a word stem but this type doesn’t. It exists as an adverb from the first place. There is no rule for them. You just need to memorize them one by one.
으로 means ‘in some way’. Actually it’s a postposition, not an adverb but it becomes an adverb when you translate Korean into English. Most of stems for 으로 adverbs uses suffix 적.
Solve it scientifically
무의식적으로 버튼을 눌렀어요
I pressed the button unconsciously
I moved my body instinctively
What Is the Difference Between ‘i’ and ‘ge’?
Grammatically, i adverbs and ge adverbs shouldn’t have any difference except how they are made or you can make only ge adverbs with some words. But, as a Korean, I always felt a lot of differences in the nuance between them.
산이 멀리 보인다
The mountain seems far / I see the mountain in the far distance
산이 멀게 보인다
it looks far (than it actually is)
For example, 산이 멀게 보인다 sounds like ‘woah, it looks far than it actually is’. It somehow contains the nuance of how I feel.
Now we learned how to make adverbs from dictionary forms. But it seems like it’s still not enough to make a simple sentence. Why don’t we learn possessives at the next tutorial? It’s simple but powerful enough to make your sentence rich. If you enjoyed this tutorial, join us in Patreon! We are waiting for you there!
All tutorials was possible thanks to
- Nadine C
- Chris M
- Emily M
- Carly Sisson
- Lev Izraelit
- Tuoc Phan
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